Production Efficiency Influence on Rural Poverty in Remote Areas of the Kyrgyz Republic (by Kanat Tilekeyev, PhD Candidate, University of Giessen, Germany)
Poverty in the Kyrgyz Republic has a persistent and growing problem since independence. In the 1990s, poverty increased across the Republic. However, in the last decade, poverty indicators have decreased significantly. The main sources of poverty alleviation have been recovery of the rural sector, increase of the trade exchanges in the Central Asian region and changes in labour migration patterns. However poverty improves non-uniformly in different areas; remote rural areas demonstrate higher levels of poverty, sensitivity to external negative factors, and lower potential of economic growth. This presentation is based on a research study of the production function efficiency and its links to poverty. Research methodology included stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to examine the efficiency of use of production factors by rural inhabitants. Findings indicate that the linkage of technical inefficiency with poverty indicators on household levels may increase understanding of the causes and effects of poverty, leading to more effective poverty alleviation strategies in remote rural areas.
Kanat Tilekeyev, a recipient of UCA’s Central Asian Faculty Development Programme scholarship, is enrolled in the PhD programme in Economics, at the Economics and Business Studies Faculty at the Justus-Liebig-University-Giessen, Germany. Kanat’s research has focused on to empirically defining and validating the main factors determining rural poverty, to improve the theoretical basis of agricultural research in the region, and produce practical recommendations for growth in the sector. He received his Masters Degree in Transition Studies from the Justus-Liebig-University-Giessen (2010), and his Diploma in Economics from the Kyrgyz Agricultural Institute (1994). Kanat has worked as economist with United States Agency for International Development, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme on projects on fiscal reform, rural development, customs issues and the food industry. He also worked in private sector in food processing, agricultural production and business consulting.
The presentation will be conducted in English. Russian translation will be provided upon prior request.
University of Central Asia, 138 Toktogul Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic. Conference Room.
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* The views presented in this lecture are those of the presenter and not necessarily those of the University of Central Asia or any of its staff